(This is a general interpretation of Holy Scripture. Please read the Word for yourself, pray, atone for your sins through Yeshua and G-D will give you knowledge. Don't take our word as law.)
In this section of Matthew we read about the Pharisees efforts to temp Yeshua. Of course he ridiculed them and gave them a foretelling of the Resurrection.
1. The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.
2. He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red.
3. And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?
4. A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.
Of course the sign of the prophet Jonas who spent three days in the belly of the great fish, or whale, is the foretelling of the Resurrection.
In this section below you will read how the Disciples, yet again, get it wrong. Christ quickly puts them back on track. Christ will do the same thing for us, he will put us back on track because WE ALL fall off the track,. have doubts, and worry. Christ's teaching are tough love in a lot of places, but the key term is love.
5. And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.
6. Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
7. And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have taken no bread.
8. Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread?
9. Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?
10. Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?
11. How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?
12. Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
After all the miracles Yeshua performed we can see that the Disciples were still afraid of the Priests, after all, the authority of the Priests was all the Disciples knew at the time. You can imagine how utterly impossible it was for the Disciples to break away from being submissive to the Priests. This is valuable lesson for our time.
13. When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?
14. And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.
15. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
16. And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
17. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
18. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
19. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
20. Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.
Jesus was constantly challenging his Disciples. In the section above we read about what people say about Christ; who he was. Many thought he was a Resurrected Prophet but Jesus (note: he already knew what the disciples were thinking before they spoke) wanted to make sure his Disciples were on the right track with regard to who HE was and is.
I don't necessarily read the scripture above as if it were a contest, seeing that Peter was honored by Jesus because he said out loud that Jesus was the Son of the living G-D. But Jesus clearly thought Peter stood out in some way. Jesus likely sensed Peter's amazing amount of faith.